Clauses and phrases of reason

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When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a clause of reason introduced by a conjunction (because, as, since) or a phrase introduced by “because of”.

  • Daniel joined the English Drama Club because / as/ since he wanted to improve his intonation.
  • As / Since/ Because Daniel wanted to improve his intonation, he joined the English Drama club.

Use a comma when the clause or phrase of reason is at the begging of the sentence.

  • Since I cleaned my bedroom yesterday, I don’t need to clean it today.

As and since are used when the reason is already known to the listener.

  • As it is raining again, we will have to cancel the match.

As and since-clauses are relatively formal. In an informal style, the same idea can be expressed with so.

  • It is raining again, so we will have to cancel the match.

Because-clauses are used to give information which isn’t already known to the reader or listener.

  • Because he had not paid the bill, his electricity was cut off.

Note that a because-clause can stand alone. As and since-clauses cannot be used like this.

  • Why are you looking at her like that?” “Because she smiled at me.” (NOT As she smiled at me.) (NOT Since she smiled at me.)
Clauses and phrases of reason
Рубрики: IELTS

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