Task 1. Report writing. Overview

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You must write a report on visual information such as

  • Graph
    • Line Graph
    • Bar Graph
  • Chart
    • Flow Chart
  • Table
  • Lists
  • Diagram
  • Pictures
  • Histogram
  • Process

Task 1 carries one-third of the marks. You should write at least 150 words and are recommended to spend not more than 20 minutes on it.

Description of each type

Graph

  • Line graphs (single, double, triple) can be used to show how something changes over time. They have an x-axis (horizontal) and a y-axis (vertical). Line graphs can be used to show trends.
  • Bar Graphs (single, double, triple), also known as bar charts, have two axes and are useful for showing how something has changed over a given period of time, especially when there are significant changes. Bar graphs consist of rectangular bars, which can be orientated horizontally or vertically, with the lengths proportional to the data values that they represent. They are typically used for comparing two or more values.

Chart

  • Pie charts are circular charts divided into sectors or pie slices, usually illustrating percentage. The size of each pie slice shows the relative quantity of the data it represents. Commonly used in the business world.

Tables

Tables contain words and numbers, displayed in columns or boxes to illustrate a set of facts and the relationships among them. The array of data shows the relative comparison between countries, schools, departments etc. Candidates should briefly point out the vast change between them and should highlight the most scorer as well the least.

Process

In this task you are given a diagram or meaningful pictures and asked to describe a process or to explain how something works. You have to describe an object or a series of events. The flow of the sequence is important. The prime importance goes to summary.

Practice here

Рубрики: IELTS

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